生物质供热具有绿色低碳环保的特点，是治理县域燃煤污染的有效途径，也是发达国家普遍推广的措施。虽然前景看好，处于起步阶段的生物质能供热仍面临政策、标准、产业体系等方面的问题。《关于开展生物质热电联产县域清洁供热示范项目建设的通知》的发布将为生物质供热进一步探路，生物质供热有望成为清洁供暖的“生力军”。 Biomass heating has the characteristics of green low carbon environmental protection, is an effective way to control county coal pollution, is also developed countries general promotion measures.Although promising, in the initial stage of the biomass heating system still faces policy, standards, industry, etc.The county clean implementation of biomass cogeneration heating notice of the construction of the demonstration project of release will be a living material heating units, further biomass heating is expected to become a "powerhouse" clean heating. 近日，国家能源局发布《关于开展生物质热电联产县域清洁供热示范项目建设的通知》，要求于9月15日前组织申报生物质热电联产县域清洁供热示范项目，并对示范新建项目优先核准，保障示范项目享受各地清洁供热支持政策，建成后优先获得国家可再生能源发电补贴。专家表示，综合来看，生物质供热有望成为清洁供暖的“生力军”，市场潜力巨大。 Recently, the national energy administration, issued the implementation of county clean biomass cogeneration heating notice of the construction of the demonstration project, the organization to declare requirements on September 15 county clean biomass cogeneration heating demonstration projects, and to demonstrate the new project priority for approval, care demonstration project and clean around the heating support policy, after the completion of priority access to the national renewable energy subsidies. Experts say that, taken together, biomass heating is expected to be a "new force" for clean heating, with huge market potential. 推进北方地区冬季清洁取暖，关系北方地区广大群众温暖过冬，关系雾霾天能不能减少，是能源生产和消费革命、农村生活方式革命的重要内容。但受经济发展水平、居民分布密集程度、地区用电负荷等因素影响，部分城市周边、城乡接合部、农村等地区尚不能实现集中供暖，还大量使用分散燃煤小锅炉、小火炉等取暖，这种取暖方式往往使用价格便宜但硫分较高的散烧煤，取暖效果差，且大气污染物排放总量巨大。 Winter in the northern region, the clean and warm, warm winter relations to the north and the masses, relationship between haze days can reduce, energy revolution, the production and consumption is the important content of rural lifestyle revolution. But the level of economic development, residents intensity distribution, regional power load factors, such as parts of the city, urban and rural joints, such as rural areas surrounding the cannot realize central heating, also use large amounts of dispersed small coal-fired boilers, small furnace, such as heating, the heating way often use cheap but high sulfur content of coal, heating effect is poor, and the huge air pollutant emissions. 生物质供热具有绿色低碳环保的特点，是治理县域燃煤污染的有效途径，也是发达国家普遍推广的措施。欧洲生物质协会发布的2016年度统计报告显示，用于电力和热能的可再生能源的份额在短短10年间增加了近1倍，部分原因是由于生物能源的强劲扩张，广泛用于热电联产电厂、城市集中供热厂和现代家居炉所致。 Biomass heating has the characteristics of green and low carbon and environmental protection. It is an effective way to control coal pollution in county area, and is widely promoted in developed countries. European association 2016 annual statistical report released by the biomass for electricity and heat energy of the share of renewable energy in a short span of 10 years has increased nearly 1 times, in part because of the strong expansion of biological energy, is widely used in cogeneration power plant, urban central heating plant and modern household furnace. 据了解，我国生物质供热主要以生物质成型燃料锅炉供热为主，利用方式为成型燃料直接燃烧产生热量。2014年以来，国家能源局采用试点和示范的方式，积极推进生物质成型燃料供热规模化、产业化发展。2015年在试点的基础上，组织了生物质成型燃料锅炉供热示范项目建设。目前，我国已形成100个以生物质能供热为主的县级城 镇，生物质成型燃料年利用量约800万吨。 It is understood that the biomass heating of our country is mainly based on biomass formed fuel boiler, which is used to generate heat directly from the forming fuel. Since 2014, the national energy administration has adopted a pilot and demonstration method to actively promote the largescale and industrialized development of biomass forming fuels. On the basis of the pilot project in 2015, the construction of a demonstration project for the heating of biomass forming fuel boiler was organized. At present, China has formed 100 county-level towns with biomass energy heating, and the annual consumption of biomass is about 8 million tons. “随着环境压力加大，清洁能源需求不可阻挡，生物质供热面临大好形势。”国家发展改革委能源研究所原所长周凤起表示，我国生物质成型燃料供热技术和运作模式基本成熟，成型燃料的专用锅炉等装备制造已经具备规模化，形成了一批有实力的龙头企业，污染物排放控制也比较好，有了替代煤炭供热的可能。 "As the environmental pressure increases, the demand for clean energy is unstoppable and biomass heating is in good condition." Energy research institute, the national development and reform commission, said zhou, director of biomass shaped fuel heating technology in our country and basic mature operation model, special molding fuel boiler equipment manufacturing have scale, such as forming a group of powerful leading enterprises, pollutant emission control is also quite good, has the potential of alternative coal for heating. 对于生物质供热的前景，首先，我国生物质能资源非常丰富，而当前使用量还不到10%；其次，我国供热市场足够大；此外，单纯的供热正转向热电联产，特别是工业园区的供热已经呈现出多联产的方式，能源的利用效率更高、经济性会更好。 For the prospect of biomass heating, first, the biomass energy resources of China are very rich, and the current usage is less than 10%. Secondly, China's heating market is large enough; In addition, the simple heating is turning to the heat and electricity generation, especially the heating of the industrial park has already shown the way of multiplex production, the energy utilization efficiency is higher, the economy will be better. 虽然前景看好，处于起步阶段的生物质能供热仍面临政策、标准、产业体系等方面的问题。一是部分地方出台了不利于生物质成型燃料应用的文件及规定。北京、南宁、深圳、佛山等地出台文件禁止或限制生物质成型燃料应用，还有很多地方也持反对和抵制态度；二是生物质成型燃料锅炉缺乏与自身清洁环保特性相适应的专门的大气污染物排放标准，一些地方错误地认为生物质成型燃料锅炉与燃煤锅炉一样，而限制其发展；三是产业体系不完善。缺乏完整的专业化原料收集、运输、储存及供应体系，收储运效率低，难以满足规模化利用的需要；四是补贴政策不完善。对生物质成型燃料的补贴支持，应从支持前端成型燃料生产转到终端锅炉清洁燃烧。 Although the foreground is optimistic, in the initial stage biomass energy heating still faces the policy, the standard, the industrial system and other aspects of the problem. First, there are some local documents and regulations that are not conducive to the application of biomass forming fuel. Beijing, nanning, shenzhen, foshan and other places have issued documents to ban or restrict the application of biomass forming fuels, and there are also many other places to oppose and resist. 2 it is lack of straw briquette fuel boiler with its own clean environmental protection features that meet the needs of special air pollutants emission standards, some local mistakenly think that straw briquette fuel like coal boiler, boiler and limit its development; Third, the industrial system is not perfect. Lack of complete specialized raw material collection, transportation, storage and supply system, the storage and transportation efficiency is low, it is difficult to meet the need of largescale utilization; Fourth, the subsidy policy is not perfect. The subsidy support for biomass forming fuel should be transferred from the supporting front-end molding fuel production to the clean combustion of the terminal boiler. 此次国家能源局推动示范项目建设就是为了给生物质供热进一步探路。对于下一步发展，国家能源局有关负责人透露，一是将发展生物质能作为应对大气污染的重要措施，纳入环境保护战略，明确在保护生态环境方面的定位和作用；二是建立健全产业体系，研究建立专业化原料收集体系和运营机制，出台生物质锅炉污染物排放标准，开展标准体系建设；三是完善政策支持体系，将生物质能供热纳入能源行业管理，建立优先利用机制和高效的管理体系，出台终端补贴政策与财税优惠政策。 The national energy administration is pushing for a demonstration project to further explore new sources of biomass heating. For the next step development, in charge of the national energy administration said that one is the development of biomass energy as an important measures against atmospheric pollution, environmental protection strategy, a clear positioning and the role in protecting ecological environment; Second, establish and improve the industrial system, study the establishment of specialized raw material collection system and operation mechanism, introduce the pollutant emission standard of biomass boilers, and carry out the standard system construction; Third, we will improve the policy support system, incorporate biomass energy into the energy industry, establish a priority utilization mechanism and an efficient management system, and introduce a policy of terminal subsidies and preferential taxation policies.